On Thursday, the Russian State Duma was presented with a bill on additional guarantees of immunity for the outgoing Russian heads of state.
A week ago, a bill was presented, providing for the possibility of life membership in the Federation Council for the outgoing president after the end of his term, or before the specified date.
The State Duma had adopted earlier, in mid-October, laws on forming the government and the State Council.
In particular, according to these laws, the head of state will be able to appoint the prime minister and ministers himself, if Parliament refuses to approve them three times (according to the current constitution, parliament must approve the appointment of the prime minister and ministers, with the exception of the so-called “ministers Mass power”).
The president can also dismiss the prime minister and certain ministers, and block the State Duma’s initiative to remove the government.
If the council’s decision to dismiss the government is repeated, the president must either approve the dismissal, or dissolve Parliament and announce new elections.
The new constitutional amendments allow the Council of State to transform it, if necessary and desired by the Head of State, into an important authority, with sufficiently broad powers, to prepare the decisions of the President and monitor the implementation process.
We recall that the citizens of Russia agreed in a referendum last summer on constitutional amendments, one of which was granting the current Russian President, Vladimir Putin, the possibility to run in the next presidential elections in 2024.
Naturally, the opposition and the West saw this as an attempt by President Putin to stay in power for an indefinite period.
In my opinion, these concerns have no basis in truth, but Vladimir Putin only wanted to hint and set a point of order for Russian officials and the oligarchy, that they only need to work, and only work, instead of rushing to lay down plans and hopes for new utilitarian groups after 2024.
The new legislative initiative, I believe, indicates that Vladimir Putin is aware of all the risks that the country could be exposed to, as a result of the presence of one person in power for an unlimited period of time.
Laws guaranteeing the immunity of former presidents are the prerequisite for the peaceful and legal transfer of power in a country like Russia, which has traversed a difficult road towards democracy.
At the same time, the law establishes a state council, so that it becomes an available platform for the implementation of the highly successful Chinese and Kazakh models, when the head of the state, after the end of his term, remains a national leader, able to continue correcting the country’s political course and participate in determining it.
As a general summary, I see that Putin, as usual, and perhaps according to the wills of the Chinese military strategist, Sun Tzu, opens up a wide range of opportunities for himself, so as not to give his enemies an opportunity to form a clear idea of his intentions.
At the same time, he will make in due course the decision most in the best interests of Russia.
At the same time, and as the Russian President personally said recently, the world is entering a period of tremendous transformations.
I believe that in the context of the imminent collapse of the global economic system that the United States of America created, all nations will be subjected to harsh tests, and some will not be able to survive.
Under these circumstances, another aspect of these legislative initiatives appears of special importance, which is the elimination of any situations in which the confrontation between the political forces or between the three authorities could paralyze the work of the central government, as we see what is happening in recent years in Britain and the United States.
Russia remains a strong presidential republic, and in a state of crisis, the president, whoever he is, will have all the powers to break the deadlock and maintain the effectiveness of all powers.
Regardless of what this may seem closer or further from democracy, the recent steps greatly increase Russia’s ability to respond quickly and effectively to the urgent challenges it faces, regardless of the personality of the president, and what Putin will do after 2024.
I think that will be one of Russia’s most important competitive advantages in the years to come, years of tough tests.