A Western diplomatic source confirmed that Russia has a desire to hold a conference on Syria based on a political project based on two tracks; Both will be related to the outcome of the US presidential election next November.
The source pointed out that the renewal for a second term of the current US President Donald Trump or the success of his competitors; It will govern the political orientations of the Russians in the Syrian issue, as Moscow seeks to convene new conference that includes the various Syrian parties to discuss ways to implement International Resolution 2254; In November.
The Russian Sochi hosted the dialogue conference; Which was held on January 30, was boycotted by some groups of the political opposition, the United States, Britain and France.
One of its most prominent outcomes was the agreement to establish a committee to rewrite the Syrian constitution and call for democratic elections.
The conference was attended by the former United Nations envoy to Syria, Staffan de Mistura.
The source stated that Trump’s success will delay Russia’s efforts in terms of not relying on the path of the Constitutional Committee, and on the contrary, the arrival of Trump’s competitors may mean a freeze on the course of the political process during the coming period.
He also explained that the Russian plan comes from two considerations, the first of which is to exploit the presidential vacuum period in Washington after the end of the elections, which extends for a period of 6 months, while the second consideration stems from new differences between Moscow and Washington after the end of the third round of the Constitutional Committee.
The visit of the UN envoy to Syria, Geir Pedersen, to Moscow after the third round, in which the latter received from the Russian side unsure messages about the possibility of preserving a positive pattern for the committee’s work, as the Russians recorded their objection to Washington’s continued imposition of sanctions within the framework of “Caesar Act”, in addition to their “extreme annoyance” with what the US envoy to Syria James Jeffrey said during his stay in Geneva, where according to Russian sources, he expressed his country’s readiness to turn Syria into a “new Afghanistan” that would break the back of the Russians and Iranians in it.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, during a meeting with the international envoy Geir Pedersen, praised the results of the meetings of the Constitutional Committee in its third round, describing them as “very positive”, and stressed the importance of pushing efforts to launch a comprehensive political process aimed at ending the conflict in Syria, while the international envoy referred to “increasing challenges in Syria,” and described the situation as “extremely complicated,” but stressed the need to continue contacts with all the Syrian parties to advance settlement efforts.