A senior Israeli politician said that the new military-technological agreement between Syria and Iran expresses a coalition of seekers to survive, in the face of a series of security and military strikes facing them, which requires Israel to prepare for it, especially the possibility of Iranian air defense systems infiltrating Syria, and maintaining the freedom of movement of its air force in the northern airspace, to remove any potential threat there.
The signing of the agreement in Damascus between the Syrian Defense Minister Ali Ayoub and the chief of staff of the Iranian army, Muhammad Hussein Bagheri, expresses the improvement in the strategic relations between them to an unprecedented extent.
In a research paper published by the Institute for National Security Research at Tel Aviv University, reveals that, the agreement is the outcome of long cooperation and security cooperation and military coordination, despite the growing security challenges facing them.
He emphasized that “one of the components of the agreement is to strengthen the Syrian air defense system, to limit Israeli, Turkish and US air traffic in the sky of Syria, which receives air defense systems manufactured in Iran, and Russian systems that it has purchased, and that it will provide with Iranian advanced air defense systems: the Pavar-373 surface-to-air missile system, a long-range surface-to-air missile system, which is an Iranian reconstruction of Russian system, Khordad 3, and medium-range surface-to-air missiles between 50 and 75 km, by which Iran shot down US Hawk aircraft in June 2019.
Iran has pledged to improve the work of the Syrian air defense systems, which are Russian systems that work under the guidance of Russian advisers, and it can be concluded that the agreement aims to strengthen Hezbollah’s military capabilities by transferring advanced weapons systems, including air defense, From Iran via Syria to Lebanon.
The possible explanations for the timing of the agreement do not exclude each other, as it is a response to rumors about the withdrawal of Iranian forces from Syria, their exit from the economic difficulties facing them, and the request of the United States and Israel to remove them from there, but the agreement gives more power to the Iranian military presence in Syria, it is a response to the sanctions imposed by the US administration on the Syrian regime through Caesar Act.
In conjunction with the signing of the agreement, “There were reports that the Syrian market was flooded with Iranian goods, and openness to eastern countries, including China, and the agreement aims to embody Iranian intentions to build an option to the Iranian military to attack Israel from Syria, or through it, in response to Israeli attacks on Iranian targets in Syria”.
The Syrian-Iranian Military agreement embodies the Iranian operational need to strengthen the air defense envelope in the middle between Israel and Iran to thwart Israeli, and possibly US, air strikes along the axis from Lebanon via Syria and Iraq to Iran, although in the event that the Pavar 373 air defense systems are deployed in Syria, the Israeli aircraft will be threatened by the take-off phase of the deep-rooted airports in Israel.