The provisions of Caesar Act to blockade Syria

The full text of the Act.

I: “Caesar’s Syria Civil Protection Law of 2019”.

First address: Additional measures related to national emergencies related to Syria.

Article 101: Measures related to the Central Bank of Syria.

Report on the Syrian Central Bank:

No later than 180 days from the date of the enactment of this law, the Secretary of the Treasury determines, according to Article 5318A of Title 31 of the United States Law, whether there are reasonable reasons to conclude that the Central Bank of Syria is a financial institution primarily concerned with washing Money.

Enhance due diligence and reporting requirements:

If the Minister of Treasury decides under subsection (A) that there are reasonable grounds to conclude that the Central Bank of Syria is a financial institution for money laundering, the secretary will consult with federal regulatory bodies (as defined in Section 509).

Gram-Leach-Plea Law (15 6809 USC), by imposing one or more of the special measures described in Section 5318A (b) of Title 31 of the United States Law, Concerning the Syrian Central Bank.

Report required:

In general: no later than 90 days after a decision is taken under Subsection (A) on whether the Central Bank of Syria is a financial institution for money laundering, the Treasury Secretary submits to the appropriate congressional committees a report that includes the reasons for reporting.

The report required under Paragraph (1) must be submitted in a confidential manner, but it may include a confidential annex.

Determination of appropriate congressional committees: In this subsection, the term “appropriate congressional committees” means:

  • The Foreign Affairs Committee, the Financial Services Committee, and the House Appropriations Committee.
  • The Foreign Relations Committee, the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee and the Senate Appropriations Committee.

Article 102: Sanctions in relation to foreign persons who engage in certain transactions.

  • imposing sanctions

in general; On and after the date, which is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this law, the president shall impose the penalties stipulated in subparagraph (b) with respect to a foreign person if the president determines that the foreign person, on or after this date of legislation, has knowingly engaged in a described activity in paragraph (2).

Activities described:

The foreign person participates in an activity described in this paragraph, if the foreign person:

  • Knowingly provides important financial, material or technical support, or knowingly engages in a major transaction – with:
  • The Syrian government (including any an entity owned or controlled by the Syrian government) or a senior political figure in the Syrian government.
  • A foreign person, a military contractor, a mercenary, or a paramilitary force who intentionally operates, in a military capacity, inside Syria on behalf of or on behalf of the Government of Syria, the Government of the Russian Federation, or the Government of Iran.
  • A foreign person subject to sanctions under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 US $ 1701 et seq) in relation to Syria or any other legal provision that imposes sanctions on Syria.
  • Sells or provides important goods, services, technology, information, or any other support that greatly facilitates the maintenance or expansion of the local government’s production of natural gas, oil, or petroleum products.
  • Intentionally selling or providing spare parts for aircraft or spare parts that are used for military purposes in Syria for or on behalf of the Syrian government for any foreign person operating in an area that is directly or indirectly controlled by the Syrian government or associated foreign forces with the Syrian government.
  • Knowingly provides important goods or services related to the operation of aircraft that are used for military purposes in Syria for or on behalf of the Syrian government for any foreign person working in an area described in the subparagraph.

Or (e) knowingly, directly or indirectly, providing important building or engineering services to the Syrian government.

(3) The Congressional Opinion:

Congress realizes that, in implementing this section, the President should consider financial support under paragraph (2) (a) to include the provision of loans, credits, or export credits.

(B) The sanctions described:

In general: the penalties that must be imposed in relation to a foreign person subject to subsection (a) are:

Withholding ownership: The President exercises all the powers conferred upon him under the International Economic Emergency Law 50 1701 USC and beyond to the extent necessary to prevent and prohibit all transactions of property and interests in the property of a foreign person if such property and interests exist in the United States, or within the United States, or are in the possession or control of a person from the United States.

Foreigners who are not eligible for visas, entry, or parole; (1) Visas, acceptance, or conditional release. A foreigner known to the Minister of Foreign Affairs or the Minister of Internal Security (or who is a trustee on his behalf), or who has reason to believe that this foreigner has deliberately participated in any activity described in subsection (a) (2) is:

  • Not acceptable to the United States.
  • Not eligible for a visa or other documents to enter the United States.
  • Not eligible to accept it, return it to the United States, or obtain any other benefit under the USC 1101 et seq.

(2) Current visas that are revoked:

(I) in general: The consular officer who issued the message, the Secretary of State, or the Secretary of Homeland Security (or a representative of one of the trustees), according to Article 221 (i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 USC 1201 (i)), must cancel any visa or Other entry documents issued to a foreigner described in clause (i) regardless of the date of issuance of the visa or other entry documents.

(II) Effect of Cancellation: Cancellation under subsection (I)

  • Must take effect immediately.
  • It will automatically cancel any valid visa or other entry visa that is in the foreigner’s possession.

Sanctions: The penalties stipulated in sub-clauses (b) and (c) of Article 206 of the Emergency Economic Powers Law (50 1705 USC) apply to anyone who violates or attempts to violate or conspires to violate, or causes a violation of the regulations stipulated in Section 303 (b) to implement paragraph (1) (a) with the same degree of penalties for a person who commits an unlawful act is described in Article 206 (a) of that law.

An exception to comply with the United Nations headquarters agreement.

The sanctions provided for in Paragraph (1) (b) do not apply to a foreigner if acceptance or return of the alien to the United States is necessary to allow the United States to comply with the United Nations Headquarters Agreement, signed at Lake An-Najah on June 26, 1947, and entered into force on November 21. 1947, between the United Nations and the United States, or other applicable international obligations.

The second title: Helping the people of Syria

Article 201: Writing down some of the organization’s services to support the activities of NGOs.

In general: Except as provided in subsection (b), section 542.516 of Title 31, Federal Regulations Law (in relation to some services to support the activities of accredited NGOs), as applied on the day before the date of the enactment of this law, it must that:

It remains in effect on and after the date of the legislation.

In the case of a non-governmental organization mandated to export or re-export services to Syria under this section on the day prior to the date of the legislation, it applies to this organization on the date of the legislation and after it to the same extent and in the same way that this section applies to this organization on the day before this date from Legislation.

Exception: In general, section 542.516 of Title 31, Federal Regulations Law, as mentioned in Subsection (A), does not apply to a foreign person who has been designated as a foreign terrorist organization under Section 219 of Immigration.

The Nationality Act (8 1189 USC), or was designated as a terrorist organization by the Secretary of State in consultation with or at the request of the Attorney General or the Secretary of Homeland Security.

Effective history; Paragraph (1) applies to a foreign person on the date and after this date on which that person’s name as a terrorist organization is published in the Federal Register.

Article 202: Briefing on a strategy to facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance.

In general: Not later than 180 days after the enactment of this law, the President shall inform the appropriate Congress of the President’s strategy to help facilitate the ability of humanitarian organizations to access financial services to help facilitate the safe and timely delivery of aid to needy communities in Syria.

Consider data from other countries and NGOs.

When preparing the strategy required by subsection (a), the president considers the reliable data that countries and other NGOs have already obtained, including organizations operating in Syria.

Select appropriate congressional committees. In this section, the term “appropriate congressional committees” means:

  • The Foreign Affairs Committee, the Financial Services Committee, and the Appropriations Committee in the House of Representatives.
  • The Foreign Relations Committee, the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee and the Senate Appropriations Committee.

The third title: General provisions

Article 301: suspension of penalties.

(A) In general; The President may suspend, in whole or in part, the imposition of penalties required by this law for periods not exceeding 180 days if the President determines that the following criteria have been met in Syria:

The Syrian government or the Russian Federation no longer uses airspace over Syria to target the civilian population through the use of incendiary devices, including explosive barrels, chemical weapons, and conventional weapons, including missiles and explosives.

Areas besieged by the government of Syria, the government of the Russian Federation, the government of Iran, or a foreign person described in Article 102 (a) (2) (a) (2) are no longer isolated from international assistance and regular access to humanitarian aid, freedom of travel, and care Medical.

The Syrian government to release all political prisoners forcibly held in the prison system in the Bashar Assad regime, and to allow the Syrian government full access to the same facilities to conduct investigations by appropriate international human rights organizations.

In the event that the forces of the Syrian government, the government of the Russian Federation, the government of Iran, and any foreign person described in section 102 (a) (2) (a) (2) are no longer implicated in deliberate targeting of medical facilities, schools, residential areas, and places of civil assembly, including markets, in violation to international standards.

The Syrian government should:

Steps are taken to verify their fulfillment of their obligations under the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling, Use and Destruction of Chemical Weapons, concluded in Geneva on 3 September 1992, and entered into force on 29 April 1997 (known as the Chemical Weapons Convention) and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Weapons Nuclear, concluded in Washington, London, and Moscow on July 1, 1968, and entered into force March 5, 1970 (21 UST 483).

Significant progress towards becoming a signatory to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Biological and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction, concluded in Washington, London and Moscow on April 10, 1972, entered into force on March 26, 1975 (26 UST 583).

The Syrian government to allow the safe, voluntary and dignified return of Syrians displaced by the conflict.

The Syrian government should take verifiable steps to establish meaningful accountability for war crimes perpetrators in Syria and justice for victims of war crimes committed by the Assad regime, including participation in a true and credible process of truth and reconciliation.

Required briefing: no later than 30 days after the President determines a decision contained in subparagraph (a), the President provides a briefing to the relevant Congressional committees with a decision and suspend the sanctions in accordance with this decision.

Re-imposing penalties: Any pending penalties will be re-imposed under sub-paragraph (a) if the President determines that the criteria described in that subsection are no longer fulfilled.

Rule of interpretation: Nothing in this section can be interpreted as limiting the president’s authority to end the application of sanctions under Article 102 in relation to a person who no longer participates in the activities described in subsection (a) (2) of this section.

Article 302: Concessions and exemptions.

(A) Exemptions: The following activities and transactions are exempt from the penalties authorized by this law:

(1) Any activity subject to reporting requirements under Title Five of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 3091 USC et seq.), or any activities authorized to implement the law, national security, and intelligence in the United States.

(2) Any transaction necessary to comply with U.S. obligations under; The United Nations Headquarters Agreement, signed at Lake Success on June 26, 1947, and entered into force on November 21, 1947, between the United Nations and the United States.

The Consular Relations Agreement, concluded in Vienna on April 24, 1963, and entered into force on March 19, 1967.

Any other international agreement to which the United States is a party.

Concessions: In general, the President may, for periods not exceeding 180 days, waive the application of any provision of this law for a foreign person if the President acknowledges appropriate congressional committees that this concession is in the interest of the national security of the United States.

Briefing: No later than 90 days after the issuance of a waiver under paragraph (1), every 180 days thereafter while the waiver remains in effect, the President shall inform the appropriate congressional committees of the reasons for the waiver.

Human concessions:

In general, the President may waive the application of any provision of this law to NGOs providing humanitarian assistance not covered by the mandate described in Section 201 if the President approves, for renewable periods not to exceed two years, the appropriate congressional committees that this waiver is important to meet The humanitarian need is consistent with the United States’ national security interest.

Briefing; No later than 90 days after the issuance of a waiver under paragraph (1), and every 180 days thereafter while the waiver remains in effect, the President shall inform the appropriate congressional committees of the reasons for the waiver.

(D) Identify appropriate congressional committees:

The Foreign Affairs Committee, the Financial Services Committee, the Committee on Ways and Means, the Judicial Committee, and the Appropriations Committee in the House of Representatives.

The Foreign Relations Committee, the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee, the Judicial Committee and the Senate Appropriations Committee.

Article 303: Implementation and Regulatory

Authorities: The Executive Authority, The President may exercise all powers provided to the President in accordance with Articles 203 and 205 of the International Law of Economic Forces in Emergencies (50 SC 1702 and 1704) for the purposes of implementing this law.

Regulatory Authority: The President shall issue, no later than 180 days from the date of the enactment of this law, the regulations necessary for the implementation of this law.

Article 304: Rule of Interpretation

Nothing in this law may be translated to limit the president’s authority under the Emergency Economic Powers Act (aw No. 5001 of the United States and beyond) or any other legal provision.

Article 305: The expiry of this law shall cease to come into force after 5 years from the date of enactment of this law.