A few days separate Syria of activating The Caesar’s Act, which imposes the most severe sanctions on the Syrian authorities and their supporters.
The US Act targets any entity that works with the Syrian state, which means imposing sanctions on governments, the company or institution that helps or contracts with the Syrian government in any of the sectors that represent the lifeline of financial life, energy “oil, gas, mineral resources, civil aviation, military, construction and engineering”.
The US Act also includes targeting any lender to the Syrian government, as the law requires the US Treasury Secretary to determine whether the Syrian Central Bank was used as one of the tools of warfare, and if the minister concludes that, then the Syrian Central will be subject to additional punitive measures.
The validity of the law extends five years from the date of its signing, during which the US President is required to provide a briefing to Congress every 180 days, either by extension or partial or total suspension of the sanctions for a maximum period of 180 days until the next briefing.
It must, despite the harshness of the Act, but leave the path open for political negotiation, as it allows the US president to lift these sanctions, in whole or in part, in the event that Damascus adheres to seven points that were explained at length in the congressional paper summarized as follows:
1- Refrain from using airspace to target civilians.
2- Unravel the siege by the Syrian army and its allies from any of the besieged areas and allow the entry of humanitarian aid without restrictions
3- The Syrian government releases all political prisoners
4- Stop targeting schools, hospitals and markets by any of the military forces, Russia or Iran.
5- Adherence to the Chemical Weapons Convention
6- Allowing the voluntary and safe return of Syrian refugees.
7- The Syrian government is taking verifiable steps to establish meaningful accountability for war crimes perpetrators in Syria and justice for victims of war crimes, as well as a credible and independent reconciliation process.