From the earliest stages of the outbreak of the Coronavirus, conspiracy theories on the origin and extent of the disease have spread on Internet platforms.
Among these false allegations was that the virus was part of a Chinese “secret biological weapons program”, and another baseless claim that a Canadian Chinese spy team had sent the Corona virus to Wuhan, according to a report by the BBC website.
These allegations that the man-made virus was popular with many conspiracy groups on obscure accounts on the social networking sites Facebook and Twitter until it found its way to the official Russian TV.
After months of the disease outbreak, these theories not only vanished, but new, unreliable allegations were also promoted by government officials, senior politicians, and the media in China and the United States.
Although there are no scientific bodies take conspiracy theories about the Coronavirus seriously.
However, Russia and more than China have promoted narratives that bear responsibility to the United States.
Zhao Lijian, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, has repeatedly promoted the idea – without evidence – that the Coronavirus may have originated in the United States.
On March 12, 2020, he said in a tweet that it was probably the US military that brought the virus to Wuhan.
These allegations, propagated by Zhao, were enormous by a number of Chinese embassies and social media users in various parts of the world.
Zhao cited a report, published by Professor Larry Romanov on Canadian Global Research, that concludes that the virus did not originate in China.
Romanov cited that Japanese and Taiwanese scientists “decided that the Coronavirus may have originated in the United States”.
Romanov also claims – without evidence – that the US military bacteriological research laboratory in Fort Detrick, Maryland, may have been the original source of the virus.
He adds that “this will not be a surprise” as the laboratory was completely closed last year due to “no guarantees to prevent the leakage of pathogens”.
In fact, as the American New York Times reported at the time, the lab was not closed, but only its research was suspended, and a laboratory spokeswoman said, “There was no leakage of dangerous materials outside the laboratory”.
Romanov introduces himself as a “retired management consultant and businessman” and a visiting professor at Fudan University in Shanghai, where he offers case studies in international affairs to the upper semesters of the “EMBA Executive MBA” program.
As a frequent contributor to global research, most of his writings seem to criticize the United States and support China, including an article in which he described the 1989 Tiananmen Square student protests as a “color revolution incited by America”.
Among many other questionable allegations, Romanov told a blogging platform this month that during its early stages, the Coronavirus was “special to China” and had not infected people of other ethnic origins and backgrounds.
BBC News contacted Romanov for comment, but received no response.
These allegations made by elements in the Chinese government and the Chinese media about the fact that the United States is the likely origin of the virus made US President Donald Trump refer to the virus as a “Chinese virus”.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on China to stop spreading “misinformation”.
However, a number of American politicians and commentators have also made baseless allegations about the origin of the virus.
The prime-time Fox News host Carlson denounced a study that raised the possibility that the Coronavirus had “accidentally leaked from a laboratory in Wuhan”.
US House of Representatives Tom Cotton and Ted Cruz raised the same expectations.
The Washington Post reported in mid-April that two science diplomats from the US embassy made several visits to the Wuhan Virus Institute in 2018 and warned Washington of “insufficient safety in the laboratory, which is conducting risky studies on coronaviruses in bats”.
On the other hand, Jeremy Konendek, who led the United States government’s response to the Ebola outbreak, tweeted in response to reports of an accidental leak in the laboratory: “It is not ruled out that the virus originated in the laboratory, but indicates that this is completely unlikely”.
A study of the Coronavirus genome, published in March, found that there were no indications that the virus was manufactured.
“By comparing the genome sequencing data available for known Coronavirus strains, we can strongly confirm that SARS-Cov-2 has originated naturally,” said Christian Anderson, a study participant and research team at the Scripps Center in California.
There are also allegations of unintended leakage from a laboratory.
This is supported by the proximity of the Wuhan Seafood Market to at least two research centers conducting research on infectious diseases.
However, it must be noted that the Virus Science Center in Wuhan conducted research on the corona virus at a bat, which is well known; this research was legal and published in international journals.
“The issue of the origin of the virus is a very difficult question,” says Philippa Linzos, a biosafety expert at University College London.
“There have been many discussions behind the scenes… among biosafety experts, doubting that the origin of the virus is a seafood market”.
The novel that China strongly promoted.
Currently, there is no evidence that the Wuhan Research Center was the source of the virus.