In spite of all the severe US political pressures that have been and continue to be exposed to it, Germany insisted on adhering to the implementation of the project of extending the Russian gas pipeline called “Northern Torrent”, which extends from the Russian gas reservoirs in Siberia and elsewhere, through the Baltic Sea, to the German territory, which was put forward After the Ukrainian crisis in 2014, the possibility of transporting Russian gas to Europe via Ukrainian territory was severely disrupted.
The North-1 gas pipeline has been pumping gas to Germany for more than a year.
Russia’s Gazprom contributes 51 percent of the company that invests the pipeline.
The board of directors is headed by former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder.
The pipeline meets Germany’s domestic needs, and Germany exports Russian gas to Austria and other Western European countries.
Work is under way to build a second pipeline called “North Stream-2”.
Earlier this year, the pipeline had crossed Russian territory and began working deep in the Baltic Sea.
Very soon the pipeline will reach German territory in the north.
We have already begun to talk about the extension of the pipeline “Northern Torrent – 3” and “4”, due to the density of orders from various countries of Central and Western Europe.
The main reason for Germany’s refusal to cancel cooperation with Russia in the gas field is that the gas prices offered by the United States to Germany were significantly higher than the prices of Russian gas.
The cost of extracting the 1,000 cubic meters of liquefied gas in America was 150 dollars, while the cost of extracting the same amount cost Russia only 15 dollars.
This is in addition to the high fare of gas tankers from America to Europe.
Thus, US gas prices couldn’t compete with Russian gas prices even if America sold its gas at cost or lower.
In the coming years, Germany is expected to become the largest shareholder and distributor of Russian gas and Russia’s largest trading partner in Europe.
In light of this expected development, US-German relations are in a period of unprecedented apathy.
German journalist Stefan Cornelus wrote an article in the Bavarian newspaper Die Sueddeutsche Zeitung in which he described US-German relations as something like a “cold peace” (by analogy with the term “cold war”).
“Berlin understands that America’s long hand is no longer useful to Germany.
Germany finds itself in an unprecedented state that wants to catch up.
Germany cannot do without America, but with America it cannot manage well.
That is why the German government should reconsider its foreign policy positions as soon as possible.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently visited Germany to mark the 30th anniversary of the dismantling of the Berlin Wall.
The visit didn’t receive enough attention from the German side and reflected the “mutual annoyance” on both sides.
Pompeo used the occasion to visit places where he was found when he was a lieutenant in the US infantry, which was in Germany under the “occupation regime of Germany” after World War II.
That is, his presence in Germany was like coming to the amusement park.
The real world stayed out.
The unresolved issues between Trump and Germany remain the same: the North-2 gas pipeline, the unequal trade balance between the two countries, and military expenditures.
Both countries are anxious not to escalate tensions.
Merkel’s government isn’t seeking an open conflict with the United States, arguing that this won’t solve existing problems, while the Trump administration avoids major conflicts that could lead to a NATO exit or a widespread conflict over US tariffs.
Germany is increasingly aware that America will no longer play the role it has played so far in determining Germany’s political presence.
More recently, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, the current German defense minister and Angela Merkel’s successor in the leadership of the Christian Democrats, has put forward a proposal on Syria that contradicts the US approach.
The US retains its role as a superpower in Europe, even in the event of divergence, but Pompeo’s recent visit came to confirm that “America’s long hand is no longer working for Germany”, But America still retains its role as a major factor in deciding Europe’s broad political approach.
In these complex circumstances, Germany must fully assess its ability to influence events.
Until now, Germany cannot pursue a foreign policy separate from the US, whether in Afghanistan, the Middle East, or even in neighboring and allied countries, such as the former Soviet Baltic states, with which Russian gas pipelines pass by.
Neither can Germany’s foreign policy be conceived against the United States, or even neutral between the US and Chinese poles.
This means that Germany must clarify for itself many of the issues that exist, regardless of US policy.
The great chill in US-German relations is one of the manifestations of the gradual disintegration of the Western bloc, which has been circumventing the United States.
As the current slow separation between the US and the EU countries as a whole.